Gloucester County was the first county in America established by its inhabitants.
The first page of the first Court book contains the following:
YE 28TH MAY, 1686
--That a Court be held for the Jurisdiction and limits of the aforesaid Tenths
or County one Tyme at Axnamus alias Gloucester and another tyme at Red Bank..."
County began with a meeting of the proprietors, freeholders and inhabitants
who formally decided to organize a government and to establish a "Constitution
of Gloucester Couny." The colonial legislature which had been meeting at
Burlington was not in session at the time and did nothing either to authorize
the creation of the County or to interfere with its existence after it was organized.
In 1692 the legislature recognized formally the existence of Gloucester County
as a separate entity.
County seat was at the City
of Gloucester until moved to Woodbury during or about the time of the Revolutionary
War. The first court was held in Hugg's
Tavern in Gloucester. [Betsy Ross was later married in that tavern; the building
no longer exists].
a new courthouse was to be built, Isaac Mickle of Mickleton
and James Hinchman were the two commissioners appointed to erect it.
County for many years extended entirely across the State and included all of Atlantic
County and all of Camden County. The territory now in Atlantic County was not
separated from Gloucester County until 1837. Camden County was not created until
County USGenWeb - MORE
HISTORY of Gloucester County HERE!
Current Statistics on Gloucester
County [from the U.S. Census]
Size: 328 square miles
Percent considered a minority: 14.
Median household income: $54,273
Median home value: $120,100
Poverty rate: 4.3%
Population with bachelor's
Gloucester County web site